13 Different Types of Potato Varieties with Pictures

You’ll be forgiven for harboring the thought that a potato is just a potato, but not after this read. Just as the inhabitants of snowy regions classify snow depending on its texture, the same applies to potatoes. 

Tomatoes are described depending on their texture. We have starchy, fluffy, moist, dry, waxy, creamy, floury, and mealy tomatoes. 

There are hundreds of types of potato varieties. They all vary in texture and behave differently when cooked. For instance, tomatoes may remain intact or disintegrate when cooked. This is so, as the difference in their type of starch and moisture in the flesh.

types of potatoes

Growing these different types of potato varieties has its share of challenges. However, all that is worth your time, hassle, space, and energy. You appreciate your effort after the fresh harvest. For a start, we suggest you experiment with different varieties. 

Regardless of whether you’re a starter or an experienced gardener finalizing on your selection of delicious cultivars, we’ve got you covered. 

This read is a roundup of 13 most popular, unique, and visually appealing types of potatoes variety. Hopefully, it will answer your entire quiz on matters potatoes, but first.

Types of Potato Varieties

What to Know Before Growing Any Potato Variety

    1. How do you intend to use the harvest? 

Do you want to have those tremendous fluffy mashes, deep-fried chips, or the crispiest tomato roast! 

This may sound silly, but, considering that each variety has unique traits, it means they’re suited differently for different uses. 

    2. The number of days they take to mature.

Potatoes are categorized loosely as early, mid-season, or late season potatoes, depending on how long they mature. 

‘Earlies’ mature the earliest, taking about 75-90 days, mid-season mature in about 100-110 days underground, and late-season cultivars mature in 120-135 days.

    3. The difference in sizes.

Generally, early potatoes are the smallest among the three classes.

15 Different Types of Potato Varieties

Finally, here are some popular types of potatoes variety that you’re sure to love. Check out this roundup; thank us later.

 1. Kennebec Potato

types of potatoes

It’s a popular multi-purpose potato. It’s easily recognizable thanks to its thin, smooth skin and creamy texture. 

Kennebec potato maintains its shape even after cooking. That aspect makes it an excellent choice for use in curries, salads, stews, and various soups. What’s more, it has enough starch that makes it easy to mash or fry.

This potato variety is also known for its high yields. That way, you expect a bumper harvest. It also stores well-you can still harvest long after the plants stop producing.

This early potato variety matures in 80 days. Thanks to its high resistance to pests and diseases such as late bright and potato viruses, growing them is a breeze.

2. Daisy Gold Potato

varieties of potatoes

This potato is another all-rounder among types of potatoes. Its moist and flaky flesh makes it ideal for baking, boiling, and mashing. Daisy gold potato has an appealing yellow color and is also highly resistant to stud viruses and nematodes. 

It’s fairly generous. For instance, one pack of 10 mini-tubers can produce up to 80 pounds of potatoes. It is a mid-season type of potato. It matures in about 80 days from planting. 

3. Rio Grande Russet Potato

types of potato plants

This is arguably one of my most favorite. One can enjoy guilt-free. This type of potato has a floury texture with flavorful skin. Its skin comprises tons of antioxidants, something that makes it very nutritious. However, you have to eat its skin to reap optimal nutrition.

It produces high yields that have low starch content. This trait makes the potato famous for slicing, salads, and cooking chips. They are great for mashing, frying, or roasting. Even though you can still use them in soups, expect them to disintegrate.

The Russet type of potato grows up to a height of 4-5 inches when mature. They take about 65 days to mature, after which they have white flesh and rough-brown skin. 

4. Red Gold Potato

Red Gold Potato

If you have a taste for unique studs, here is your ideal type of potato. ‘Red gold’ potato possesses a unique, tasty nutty flavor. Its rasp-berry-red eyes and yellow flesh is also relatively unique and cute.

They take about 90 days to mature. Being part of the al-purpose type of potato, they can be roasted, mashed, or fried. Importantly, this variety has a short shelf period-don’t store them for very long.

5. Swedish Peanut Fingerling potato

types of potato plants

This potato cultivar has a waxy, yellowish fresh. It’s also known for its excellent flavor when either roasted or pan-fried. It is known for making delicious potato salads.

This type of potato has a high resistance to diseases. It’s a late-season crop that takes about 90 days to mature. The average potato produce measures about 1.5 inches in length.

6. Magic Molly Potato

Magic Molly Potato

This charming potato is rich in deep purple color in and out. It still retains its beautiful color when boiled. Its taste is just out of this world. This endears it as one of the best types of potatoes for making culinary magic. 

To reap its optimal charm, pair it with some woody, warm and smoky accents for a unique barbeque grilling experience. It takes about 100 days to from planting to maturity, but they’re worth the wait.

7. Red Pontiac Potato

types of potato

This is another renowned all-purpose type of potato that’s red with a waxy-textured flesh. It possesses a thin skin that makes it a great choice when harvested at an early stage or after maturity.

It’s great for boiling, baking, roasting, and use in salads. Sadly, this type of potato is not suitable for frying. Generally, ‘Red Pontiac’ potato has high drought resistance. They mature in about 80 days.

8. New Potatoes

New Potatoes

These are the types of potatoes that are harvest before reaching their full maturity before their vines die. 

Thanks to their thin and tender skin, they’re often boiled whole then tossed with fresh parsley and butter. You shouldn’t store them for long-term use.

9. Masquerade potato

Masquerade potato

This type of potato is an accurate description of ‘edible art.’ Their skin is usually marbled with elegant white and purple. Their remarkable bicolor is something that some people have to see to believe. 

Masquerade potatoes have low starch content. The moist and white flesh makes them great for baking, roasting, and mashing. They mature in 63 days.

10. Purple Majesty Potato

Purple Majesty Potato

If you wish to add a splash of color to your plate, you won’t go wrong with this one. They have a wine-dark skin and purple flesh and are utterly sweet. They’re great for frying.

This types of potatoes grows well in full sun. It takes about 85 days to mature. The average size of a mature stud is about 4 inches long.

11. Princess Latte Potato

types of potato varieties

This potato cultivator is very popular in France. It has a sweet-mild-nutty flavor. It matures slowly, taking about 110 days from planting to harvest. You won’t regret the wait.

12. Yukon Gold Potato

Yukon Gold Potato

This popular cultivar is golden yellow. It originated from Canada in the 1960s. Since then, its popularity has ever been on the rise. This is because of its all-purpose trait. It’s waxy enough for boiling and fluffy sufficient for mashing. However, for best taste, we suggest that you roast it in an oven.

Being an early variety, this type of potato matures in only 65 days and thrives in sunny conditions. It has a high resistance to diseases.

13. All Blue Potato

all blue potato

As the name suggests, this types of potato is blue both in and outside. Its dry texture doesn’t deter in from holding on to its fantastic shape.

The ‘all blue’ potato is best baked and drizzled with olive oil or steamed for a salad. Both ensure its color remains at its best.

Bottom Line

When it’s all said and done, never again think that a potato is just a potato. Then, as alluded to earlier on, there are tons of different types of potato varieties. 

As such, we recommend that you consider traits in texture and flavor when selecting which to grow and make the right decision for cooking. Luckily, potatoes are impressively versatile, and their culinary applications are endless.

Finally, have you ever tried any of the above types of potatoes? Which one appeals most to you? We would love to have a chat in the discussion box below!

About Jennifer Igra

Growing up in Brooklyn, New York City known for it’s green gardens. Jennifer, a 30 year old gardener and green living fanatic started Igra World to share her gardening journey and increase gardening awareness among masses. Follow Igra World to improve your gardening skills.

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