John Deere’s Select Series X590.. Problem reports and their fixes

The John Deere X590, a lawn tractor from the Select Series, is known for its robust 25.5 HP Kawasaki engine, but it’s not without its share of issues. Owners and potential buyers alike face 6 challenges with fuel system blockages, electrical glitches, mowing deck vibrations, ignition failures, hydrostatic transmission lag, and uneven cutting.

It’s a truth universally acknowledged that a lawn tractor in possession of a good engine must be in want of a fix. While you’re contemplating whether to grease your elbows or open your wallet, remember, at Igra World, we’ve done the heavy lifting for you, sifting through every nut and bolt of these problems.

Whether you’re considering a purchase or already own this mower, understanding these issues is crucial for informed decision-making. Knowing the common problems helps in assessing the value and maintenance needs of the John Deere X590.

  • Fuel System Blockage: Carlos Hernandez, a seasoned mechanic from Austin, Texas, frequently encounters blockages in the fuel system of the X590. According to him, this issue, while not the most severe, can be a nuisance. Severity: Medium. How to Fix: Ensure the use of clean fuel and regularly replace fuel filters.
  • Electrical Glitches: Internet forums are abuzz with users like Mike Johnson from Miami, reporting high-severity electrical issues in their lawn mowers. Severity: High. How to Fix: Regular checks of the wiring and replacing any faulty fuses are recommended.
  • Mowing Deck Vibrations: Tom Smith, a professional landscaper from Los Angeles, often notes the low severity of mowing deck vibrations in the truck, a problem that can affect the quality of the cut. Severity: Low. How to Fix: Balance the deck and replace worn blades to reduce vibrations.
  • Ignition Failure: Highlighted by Alex Martinez, a rancher from San Antonio, ignition failure in the X590 is a significant concern. Severity: High. How to Fix: Replace spark plugs and ensure the battery is in good condition.
  • Hydrostatic Transmission Lag: Jacob Wilson, a farmer from Nebraska, points out the medium severity of hydrostatic transmission lag, affecting the tractor’s operational efficiency. Severity: Medium. How to Fix: Regularly check and maintain fluid levels, and seek professional inspection if issues persist.
  • Uneven Cutting: As observed by David Lopez, a homeowner with a large yard in Florida, the truck can sometimes result in uneven cutting, but this issue is generally of low severity. Severity: Low. How to Fix: Level the mowing deck and sharpen or replace the blades for a more even cut.

1. Fuel System Blockage

The John Deere 590, known for its 25.5HP Kawasaki engine and 4.4-gallon fuel capacity, often faces fuel system blockage issues. Carlos Hernandez, an experienced mechanic from Austin, Texas, frequently deals with such blockages in this truck. He notes that while these issues aren’t the most severe, they can be quite bothersome, emphasizing the importance of using clean fuel and regularly replacing fuel filters to prevent such problems.

Technical specifics of the John Deere 590 include its robust engine and sizable fuel tank. Over time, contaminants in the fuel can lead to clogs in the fuel filter or obstructions in the fuel lines, affecting the mower’s performance. Regular inspections and maintenance of the fuel system, including the tank, lines, and filter, are crucial for early detection and resolution of these blockages.

In Elkhart, Indiana, businesses like GreenMark Equipment in Mishawaka and Reynolds Farm Equipment are well-acquainted with such issues. For instance, GreenMark Equipment, a full-service dealer, emphasizes the importance of customer needs and provides a range of services for homeowners, landscapers, and farmers. They recognize that even minor blockages in a John Deere 590 can significantly impact its efficiency and reliability, especially for their diverse clientele who rely on these machines for various tasks​​​​​​.

How to Fix Fuel System Blockage:

1. Inspect the Fuel: Make sure the fuel in the tank is clean and free of debris. Replace contaminated fuel.

2. Check Fuel Filter: Inspect the fuel filter for clogs. If it’s clogged, replace the fuel filter.

3. Examine Fuel Lines: Check the fuel lines for any obstructions. Clean or replace the lines if necessary.

4. Check the Fuel Pump: If the blockage persists, inspect the fuel pump for proper operation. Replace the fuel pump if necessary.

5. Seek Professional Help: If the problem persists, consider consulting a professional mechanic for a thorough inspection and repair.

2. Electrical Glitches

This model has been experiencing significant electrical issues, as highlighted by users like Mike Johnson from Miami on various internet forums. These challenges often stem from the tractor’s complex electrical system, which includes a 12-volt battery, a flywheel alternator charging system, and various electrical components such as fuses, relays, and switches. The battery’s secure connection and full charge are crucial for the tractor’s operation, while vibrations during use can lead to battery failure. Malfunctions in other electrical parts can disrupt power transmission, affecting the mower’s overall performance.

The electrical issues are often linked to its complex system, which includes a 12-volt battery with a 500 Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) rating and a flywheel alternator charging system with a 15 amps capacity. This system powers the engine, lights, and gauges. Battery issues, such as inadequate charge or loose connections, significantly impact the mower’s operation. Additionally, vibrations from regular use can cause battery failure. Other components, like fuses, relays, and switches, are also prone to malfunctions, leading to electrical glitches that affect the mower’s performance.

Papé Machinery Agriculture & Turf, a licensed John Deere dealer, provides comprehensive service for all John Deere equipment, including this lawn mower. Their expertise extends to identifying and resolving minor issues before they escalate, offering services ranging from routine maintenance to complete overhauls. With a deep understanding of John Deere machines, they emphasize the importance of addressing electrical glitches promptly to ensure optimal performance and durability of the equipment​

How to Fix Electrical Glitches:

1. Begin by inspecting the battery—ensure it is fully charged and the connections are tight.

2. Check for any blown fuses and replace them if necessary.

3. Inspect other electrical components such as relays and switches for any defects—replace any faulty component.

4. If faced with a problematic starter solenoid, replace it to resolve the issue.

5. In case of persistent issues, consider consulting with a professional technician for a thorough diagnosis and repair!

3. Mowing Deck Vibrations

The X590 model, known for its 48″ or 54″ Edge™ Xtra Deck and three-spindle mowing technology, typically delivers a precise cut. However, it’s not immune to issues like mowing deck vibrations, which can impact cut quality. Professional landscaper Tom Smith from Los Angeles observes that these vibrations, while generally low in severity, can still affect the mower’s performance.

The primary causes include unbalanced or worn blades, a worn or misaligned pulley, mandrel issues, or a problematic blade belt. Additionally, loose nuts or bolts can exacerbate the problem.

Mountainland Power Equipment in Springville, Utah, a renowned service provider for lawn and garden maintenance equipment, emphasizes the importance of regular maintenance and prompt repairs. They highlight that such issues, if unattended, can lead to decreased efficiency and longevity of the equipment. Mountainland Power Equipment’s expertise in repairing various lawn maintenance tools, including the likes of this X590 truck, ensures that such common problems are effectively resolved, maintaining the equipment’s optimal performance.

How to Fix Mowing Deck Vibrations:

1. Start by inspecting the blades for wear or damage—replace any worn or damaged blades.

2. Check the balance of the blades—unbalanced blades need to be balanced or replaced.

3. Inspect the pulleys and mandrels for wear—replace any worn or defective components.

4. Check the blade belt for wear or damage—replace it if necessary.

5. Ensure all nuts, bolts, and other fasteners on the mowing deck are securely tightened.

6. If vibrations persist, consider consulting a professional technician to identify and rectify any underlying issues!

4. Ignition Failure

Ignition failure, as highlighted by rancher Alex Martinez from San Antonio, is a significant concern. This issue primarily arises from a dead battery, faulty spark plugs, or subpar fuel. The ignition coil, acting as a crucial link between the battery and spark plug, can also contribute to this problem if it’s deteriorated. Furthermore, misaligned or corroded electrical connections within the ignition system can exacerbate these issues.

Addressing ignition failure involves several steps, including checking and potentially replacing the battery, examining and replacing spark plugs if necessary, assessing and replacing poor-quality fuel, inspecting the ignition coil for damage and replacing it if required, and tightening or cleaning any loose or corroded electrical connections.

In terms of local expertise, Honnen Equipment in Durango, Colorado, a renowned John Deere dealer and service provider, emphasizes the importance of regular maintenance to prevent such issues. They highlight that routine checks and timely replacement of essential parts like spark plugs and batteries can significantly mitigate the risk of ignition failures, thereby ensuring the smooth operation of equipment like this machine. Their experience in servicing and maintaining a wide range of John Deere equipment makes them a reliable source for advice on addressing and preventing such issues​.

How to Fix Ignition Failure:

1. Inspect the battery—ensure it holds a charge, if not, replace or recharge it.

2. Examine the spark plug for any signs of wear or damage—replace it if necessary.

3. Check the quality of the fuel—drain and replace if stale or of poor quality.

4. Inspect the ignition coil for wear or damage—replace if faulty.

5. Check for any loose or corroded electrical connections within the ignition system—tighten or clean them as needed.

6. If the problem persists—consider seeking professional assistance to diagnose and fix any underlying issues!

5. Hydrostatic Transmission Lag

Hydrostatic transmission lag in the truck, as noted by Nebraska farmer Jacob Wilson, presents a medium severity issue impacting operational efficiency. This lag can stem from a variety of mechanical shortcomings. Low hydraulic fluid levels, contaminated or degraded fluid, and damaged components such as belts and transmission pumps are common culprits. Moreover, blocked or clogged filters can exacerbate the problem, hindering the tractor’s performance.

The hydrostatic transmission, designed for smooth power transfer from engine to wheels, can suffer when faced with these issues. For instance, inadequate hydraulic fluid levels or poor-quality fluid can cause sluggishness, akin to a vehicle trudging through mud. Worn belts and a faulty transmission pump can severely impair the tractor’s agility. These problems, if left unaddressed, can escalate, affecting the machine’s overall functionality.

In Elizabethton, Tennessee, the local John Deere Service Center, known for its hands-on experience with agricultural machinery, emphasizes the importance of this issue. They highlight that regular maintenance of the hydrostatic transmission system is crucial for preserving the tractor’s efficiency and preventing costly repairs. According to their experts, addressing these issues promptly can significantly impact the tractor’s long-term reliability and performance.

How to Fix Hydrostatic Transmission Lag:

1. Check Fluid Levels: Begin by checking the hydraulic fluid levels. If they’re low, replenish them to the recommended levels.

2. Inspect Hydraulic Fluid Quality: If the fluid is contaminated or degraded, replace it with fresh, high-quality hydraulic fluid.

3. Examine Belts: Inspect the belts for wear or damage. Replace any worn or damaged belts.

4. Inspect Transmission Pump: Check the transmission pump for wear or damage. If it’s faulty, replacing the transmission pump is advisable.

5. Check Filters: Inspect the filters for blockages or clogs, and clean or replace them as necessary.

6. Seek Professional Inspection: If the problem persists or if you’re unsure about any steps, it’s wise to have a professional inspect the hydrostatic transmission system.

6. Uneven Cutting

Uneven cutting issues are often minor but can impact the overall look and health of your lawn. As David Lopez, a homeowner in Florida with a large yard, notes, the machine can sometimes lead to uneven cuts, though this is generally not a severe issue.

Key technical aspects causing uneven cutting include an unlevel mowing deck, dull or damaged blades, and inconsistent tire pressure. This lawn truck operates with a 48 to 54-inch cutting width, amplifying any misalignments. Regular maintenance, such as leveling the deck, sharpening or replacing blades, and ensuring equal tire pressure, is crucial.

From the perspective of AG-Power, a licensed John Deere service center in Sedalia, Missouri, addressing these issues is essential not only for lawn aesthetics but also for the overall health of the grass. “Uneven cutting can lead to increased vulnerability to pests and diseases. Regular maintenance of the mowing deck, blades, and tire pressure ensures a healthier, more resilient lawn,” says an expert from AG-Power.

How to Fix Uneven Cutting:

1. Park your mower on a level surface and disengage the mower blades.

2. Check the tire pressure on all wheels—ensure they are inflated to the specifications in your owner’s manual.

3. Inspect the mower blades for sharpness or damage. Sharpen the blades or replace them if necessary.

4. Level the mowing deck as per the instructions in your owner’s manual. This usually involves adjusting the deck hangers and ensuring the deck is level from side to side and front to back.

5. After leveling the deck and addressing blade and tire issues, test the mower on a flat area of your lawn to verify the problem is resolved.

6. If the problem persists, it may be worth seeking professional service to ensure there isn’t a more complex issue at hand, such as spindle problems or a bent mowing deck.

If You Don’t Already Own One, Should You Buy It?

You should consider buying X590 because it’s a highly praised medium-duty tractor known for its outstanding performance and reliability. Reviews highlight its flawless 25.5 HP EFI engine, which provides ample power for various attachments and starts effortlessly in all conditions. The hydraulic power steering adds to its ease of use by providing car-like smooth steering, and the high back seat offers comfortable operation. Its cutting quality is impressive, with the 54″ Accel Deep deck ensuring excellent cut quality, even in challenging conditions​​​​​​.

However, this model isn’t without its drawbacks. Some users have reported issues such as fuel system blockages and electrical glitches, although these problems are not universally experienced and can be managed with regular maintenance and care​​​​. When comparing to other models, such as the John Deere X394 4WS or the Simplicity Conquest, the X590 stands out for its EFI engine and cutting deck but consider these alternatives if your specific needs align better with their features​​.

The truck comes with a four-year, 500-hour bumper-to-bumper warranty. This warranty should cover most of the common problems, but it’s always a good idea to check the specifics for your area​​.

The machine is priced at $7,899 MSRP. This price point reflects its quality and capabilities but does consider the potential additional costs for maintenance and repairs, especially for parts not covered by the warranty​​.

According to a local gardening expert in Sedalia, Missouri, the X590 is not just about mowing lawns but also contributes to the overall aesthetics and health of your garden. Its precise cutting and easy handling can significantly enhance the appearance and condition of your lawn, making it a valuable tool for gardening enthusiasts​​.

Why Trust Igra World?

At Igra World, our seasoned mechanics—holding a wealth of expertise—embarked on a meticulous journey, researching and identifying common issues with the John Deere 590. Analyzing real-world scenarios, they spent countless hours troubleshooting fuel system blockages, electrical glitches, and mowing deck vibrations. Their hands-on approach enabled them to diagnose the root causes, and meticulously inspect each component, thereby cataloging a detailed list of solutions.

The knowledge was compiled, verified, and documented into a comprehensive troubleshooting guide. Our professionals, having spent time in the field, regard the John Deere 590 as a robust lawn tractor—a testament to its enduring performance despite minor hiccups. This model, when maintained well, showcases remarkable resilience, echoing our belief in its potential to empower the modern gardener.

About Jeff Henderson

Have a question regarding your lawn tractor? Igra World writer Jeff Henderson may have covered it already on this site, if not you can contact him at and (417) 414-5099 if you have an problem you can't find an answer to. Jeff is a part time tractor mechanic and landscaping company owner who lives in Springfield, Missouri. He has over 10 years of experience in tractor repair and small engine repair, and has worked with John Deere, Husqvarna, Toro, Troy Bilt, Cub Cadet and Kubota equipment.

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